A child who was born in 2012 is expected to live longer by 6 years than a child born in 1990, Word Health Organization has revealed in its 2014 statistics.
There is a general increase in life expectancy around the world with developing countries registering the highest growth. On average, life expectancy has increased by 9 years for the period between 1990 and 2012.
The countries which registered the highest improvement for the period are; Liberia with an increase of 20 years (from 42 to 62), Ethiopia with a 19-year increase (from 45 to 64 years) and Maldives with an increase of 19 years (from 58 to 77 years). Others are Cambodia, Timor-Leste and Rwanda which took positions four, five and six respectively.
Globally, a girl born in 2012 is expected to live for 73 years while a boy born in the same year is expected to live for 68 years.
A boy born in a developed country can expect to live for 76 years while a girl can expect to attain an age of 82 years. According to the statistics the difference in life expectancy between developed and developing countries are quite large. For the period under review, males have a difference is 16 years. Girls born in developed countries are expected to live 19 years more than those born in developing nations.
Japanese women have the longest life expectancy at 87 years. Spain and Singapore take the second and third positions. Iceland, Switzerland and Australia have the longest life expectancy for males. In the 10 most developed countries, the females can expect to live for 84 years or more while their male counterparts can expect to live for 80 year in 9 of the most developed countries.
Decline in tobacco use has been cited as one of the factors which have led to increase in life expectancies. Respiratory infections and heart diseases are the major causes of early deaths.